Considering Aortic root replacement in India? It offers a lifeline for complex heart conditions. Explore India’s expertise and potential cost savings for this advanced surgery.

When it comes to addressing heart conditions, aortic root replacement surgery is a life-saving procedure that is performed to prevent or treat an aortic aneurysm.

This article aims to provide a comprehensive guide on everything you need to know about this surgery, including the procedure details, types of aortic root replacement, preparations, what to expect before and after the procedure, and more.

Understanding Aortic Root Replacement Surgery

Aortic root replacement surgery is a procedure primarily performed to treat an aortic aneurysm located in the aortic root.

The aortic root is the section of the aorta that is closest to and attached to the heart.

An aneurysm is an abnormal bulge in the wall of an artery.

If the aneurysm occurs in the aortic root, the aorta can dilate, causing the aortic valve to leak, leading to a condition called regurgitation.

If the aneurysm continues to expand, it can rupture, causing life-threatening internal bleeding.

The surgery can be performed using non-invasive methods or through open-heart surgery, depending on your specific health condition.

Types of Aortic Root Replacement Surgery

There are mainly three types of aortic root replacement surgeries:

Valve-Sparing Aortic Root Replacement (David or Yacoub): This procedure is performed to repair aortic root aneurysms while preserving the patient’s own aortic valve.

Preservation of the patient’s existing valve avoids the need for long-term use of blood-thinning medications and increases the long-term durability of the valve.

Composite Aortic Root Replacement (Modified Bentall): This procedure is performed to repair the aortic root and replace the damaged aortic valve with a prosthetic or synthetic valve.

Homograft Valve/Root Replacement: In complex cases, such as endocarditis or multiple previous root surgeries, this procedure may use a tissue graft from a donated human heart.

During the surgery, the coronary arteries are initially disconnected from the diseased tissue and then reconnected back to the graft.

Preparing for the Procedure

Before the procedure, your doctor will explain what to expect before, during, and after the procedure and potential risks.

You should discuss with your doctor about all medications you are currently taking, your medical conditions, and any implanted devices.

You should also have your kidney function checked and have a dental check-up.

Other preparation recommendations include not eating or drinking after midnight the night before your surgery, planning for someone to drive you to the hospital and pick you up after recovery, and not smoking or using tobacco products for at least one month leading up to your surgery.

What to Expect Before the Procedure

Before the procedure, your doctor may perform a variety of diagnostic tests, including Cardiac Catheterization, Computed Tomography (CT scan), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), and Echocardiogram (ECHO).

What to Expect During the Procedure

The surgery usually takes 4 to 6 hours, but the preparation and recovery may add several hours.

During the procedure, you will receive general anaesthesia and your chest will be opened through a procedure called median sternotomy.

Your heart will be connected to a heart-lung machine that takes over for the heart by replacing the heart’s pumping action and the lungs by adding oxygen to the blood.

Once the blood has been diverted into the bypass machine for pumping, your doctor will repair the aortic root and replace the aortic valve with a prosthetic or synthetic valve.

After the surgery is completed, the heart-lung machine will be turned off, and the sternum will be sewn together with sutures or surgical staples.

What to Expect After the Procedure

After the procedure, you will be taken to the cardiothoracic intensive care unit (CTICU) for further observation for several days.

This type of procedure usually requires a hospital stay of several days or even longer.

You will receive a urinary catheter to help you pee, a tube through your nose and stomach that drains fluids, blood-thinning medication, compression socks that help prevent blood clots in your legs, a breathing machine to help support your lungs, and pain medication to ease your recovery.

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Risks and Complications Involved

Like any major surgery, aortic root replacement carries certain risks and complications.

These include bleeding, blood clots, breathing problems, heart attack or stroke, infection in the graft, infection in the lungs, urinary tract, or belly, kidney failure, and nerve damage.

Recovery and Outlook

Full recovery from aortic root replacement surgery takes at least six to 12 weeks.

For some people, it can take two to three months.

After you recover, you’ll go for regular follow-ups so your doctor can check your heart health.

You’ll have routine imaging including echocardiograms (echos) and CT scans.

When to Call the Doctor

You should call your doctor immediately if you experience any complications such as incision problems, chest pain, shortness of breath, swollen legs, dizziness, fainting, extreme fatigue, coughing up blood, chills, fever, or blood in your poop.

Aortic Root Replacement Surgery in India

India is a prominent destination for aortic root replacement surgery owing to the availability of advanced medical facilities, highly-skilled surgeons, and low-cost treatment options.

The best hospitals for aortic root replacement in India offer advanced surgical procedures and post-operative care to international patients.


Aortic root replacement is a significant and life-saving surgical procedure.

With advancements in medical technology, it can be performed with high precision and low risk.

However, it’s crucial to understand the procedure, its types, preparations, risks, and post-operative care.

If you are considering this surgery, it’s essential to discuss with your doctor and understand all the aspects thoroughly.

This guide aims to provide you with a comprehensive understanding of aortic root replacement surgery, helping you make an informed decision.

Remember, your recovery is your surgeon’s top priority.

Share your thoughts and emotions with trusted family and friends.

Make yourself a priority as you recover, so you can get back to your usual routine feeling better than ever.

Ready to take charge of your heart health?

Explore the possibilities of Aortic Root Replacement in India!

Contact CureU Healthcare today!

Let’s discuss your needs and help you find the perfect Aortic Root Replacement in India.


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